Technical precisions

The dashboard gives an overview of the number of victims of road traffic crashes in Belgium until 2021.

The data come from the national database on road accidents resulting in death or injury. This database is based on crash reports filled in by the Federal Police/DGR/DRI/BIPOL after an accident. The crash reports contain the accidents identified on the spot as well as the accidents reported to the police station. The data are then provided to Statbel (Directorate-general Statistics - Statistics Belgium) that checks and approves them. The fatally injured people are added by the Federal Police and Statbel based on death certificates from the prosecutors and from the MaCH database. The number of fatalities is also checked on the basis of the national register of natural persons which describes the characteristics of deceased persons.

For a detailed analysis of accident data, please refer to our last statistical report on road crashes by clicking here .



Injury accident : Road accident on public road involving at least one vehicle (including bicycles), and causing physical harm to at least one of the people involved.

Fatality 30 days : Killed at the crash scene or died within 30 days after the crash.

Injured : All persons injured in a road crash whether they were hospitalised or not, but didn’t die as a result of their injuries.

Victim : All persons injured or killed in a road crash.

Periode of the week : Day: periode from 6 a.m. until 9:59 p.m., Night: periode from 10 p.m. until 5:59 a.m. the following day, Week: periode from Monday 6 a.m. until Friday 9:59 p.m., Weekend: periode from Friday 10 p.m. until Monday 5:59 a.m.

Pedestrian : Road user going on foot, using a wheelchair or pushing a bicycle or a moped.

Cyclist : Road user riding a (non-electric) bicycle, an e-bike (<=250W and <=25km/h) or a motorized bicycle (<=1000W and <=25km/h).

Moped : Class A or B moped, with 3 or 4 wheels, or speed pedelec.

Motorcycle : Two-wheel motorized vehicle with or without sidecar, fitted with an engine having a cylinder capacity of more than 50 cc and/or capable of exceeding a speed of 45km/h.

Van : Motorized vehicle used for transporting goods and with a maximum gross vehicle mass of 3,5T.

Lorry : Motorized vehicle used for transporting goods, with a maximum gross vehicle mass of more than 3,5T, or tractor with or without semi-trailer.